Original Online Version:
Coastal NC’s resident scholar answers questions. We’ve revised his comments and herewith, please find the new and improved Professor Nemo’s discussion on Hermeticism and more…
THE TRUE DA VINCI CODE – THE MISSING PIECES OF LEONARDO’S PUZZLE POINT TO PLAIN AND SIMPLE HERMETICISM
Q: Why did Leonardo da Vinci depict the Apostle John in his The Last Supper as female? Is Dan Brown right in suggesting in The DaVinci Code that it represents a wifely Mary Magdalene?…And why do we see so many of Leonardo’s art figures pointing up?
A: The figure that Leonardo da Vinci depicts in his Last Supper is neither John the Apostle norMary Magdalene, but a typical andro-gyne representation of a mysterious character revered for eons and fully conceptualized long before Mary Magdalene ever drew breath… We simply need to take a take a closer look at that same secret Hermetic Tradition that has gotten so much attention recently from this very controversy. It is largely ignored or only poorly understood today although it pervades our culture through and through. It can, however, quickly and easily explain Leonardo’s substitution.
Q: Why would Leonardo want to substitute a totally different character?
A: Many in the Renaissance movement loved science, sought knowledge and were repelled by the corrupt, luxurious, ignorant and highly inquisitorial churchmen of their day. The hermeticist dreams nostalgically of a mythic golden age of peace, wisdom and technological wonders, in a lost ancient past. It might be called Atlantis, Lemuria, Shamballa, or just the Golden Age. The movement has always been shrouded in secrecy and has used coded symbols when necessary to protest against hostile powers that be.
Q: But didn’t working for the Church represent Leonardo’s livelihood and pay his bills?
A: Yes, but like other great artists, Leonardo worked at servant status, and had to put up with plenty of B.S. from a boss that he did not respect and delighted in bearding with hidden jabs.
Q: How did he do that without being found out?
A: He used code in his art that only like-minded hermeticists would recognize, and he’s gotten away with it for centuries! That same feminine angel so sharply counterpoised in a V shape as if in protest against the figure of Jesus in The Last Supper can be seen elsewhere as well. Look carefully at St. Anne in Leonardo’s sketch (cartoon) for St. Anne with the Virgin and Child and the Infant St. John. (Very few reproductions do it justice)……She has a startling face, and a very knowing almost wicked smile. This is his best, most detailed, and least “restored” representation of the true inner nature of the hermetic angel, and it would be truly astounding in oils…Contrast her face with the profound innocence depicted in the same sketch on the face of her daughter, the Virgin Mary….St. Anne also resembles Leonardo’s own facial proportions and , oh yes….like certain other figures in Renaissance art, St. Anne points upwards!…and most provocatively at that!
A: As with da Vinci’s John the Baptist, another figure sometimes blurred into the hermetic angel….and check out The Last Supper itself…pointing upward is code for the great and universal hermetic motto: “ As above, so below”…..Raphael has the whole phrase depicted in the very center of his The School of Athens where Plato (painted with Leonardo’s face) points up and Aristotle gestures down. This has always been explained as a philosophical statement contrasting their viewpoints… but it’s also a really neat way to emblazon the hermetic motto on a Vatican wall!…and with the correct attribution as well!
Q: Is there any proof that links these Renaissance figures pointing upward with the hermetic tradition?
A: Just take a look at Giovanni da Bologna’s bronze of the Roman god Mercury….if you don’t have an art history handy you might remember seeing him as a table decoration in your favorite Italian restaurant….or as the mascot of your local florist. He holds the caduceus, that mysterious serpent (or serpents) on a stick that has always represented healing. Moses made one and healed with it …Don’t look at me that way… it’s in Numbers. 21: 8-9…Now, tell me, what do you notice about the statue of Mercury?
Q: He’s pointing to the sky…but what’s so special about the Roman god Mercury?
A: Mercury to the Romans was the same god as Hermes in the older Greek mythology. This topic is vast and can’t be summarized in just a few words, but the effects on world culture from early times until today are well documented and deserve more attention than they get. One practical outcome is the modern science of chemistry following the work of generations of alchemists. Culturally they enriched several languages with Arabic word-forms such as alkali, alcohol, and even alchemy itself. Their distinctive red, white, and blue color scheme symbolized stages in the death and rebirth mystery that they read into the “chemical marriage” of various elements such as mercury and sulfur into a succession of compounds with predictable colors.
Q: Chemistry…O.K….but how do we get into da Vinci’s art?
A: During the darkest part of the medieval period, Arab scholars were preserving and elaborating upon ancient classical texts of all kinds. Science reentered Christendom as philosophia…literally, the love of wisdom, and as you can see from the chemistry example, it was very different from the mechanistic science of today. From the Middle Ages until the French Revolution, all who dabbled in science dabbled perforce in hermetic mysticism as well. Hence it is easy to include the great early scientists among the brotherhood regardless of their true beliefs. Hermeticism as an intellectual movement hit the Renaissance early on and like a ton of bricks. In poetic terms, I suppose Hermes was the angel of the rebirth of classicism and the dawn of science. However, this updated Hermes was an enhanced version of the familiar messenger of the gods….He had morphed into the occult superstar, Hermes Trismegistus (or the thrice greatest, since he knew the magic of numbers…of the stars…and of medicine). He was a fusion of the old Greek Hermes with his ancient Egyptian counterpart Toth. He had also gained an adversarial relationship with the God of the Bible through the influence of Gnosticism, an early Christian heresy with…. guess what?….”secret knowledge”… and his cult had absorbed the mysticism and numerology of the Jewish Kabbalah. Among Renaissance occultists Hermes Trismegistus was believed to have been a contemporary of Moses….So you see,.Hermes3 was truly a god for all seasons, and now in the Christian era, his relationship with Jehovah resembled that of the Titan Prometheus with the Olympian Zeus…..You will recall that Prometheus stole fire from Zeus to give to man…..Melville’s Captain Ahab was an archetypal hermetic protagonist with significant Zoroastrian symbolism cleverly woven throughout the story. Ahab, named for a wicked and idolatrous king of Israel, was consumed with resentment for the unstoppable majesty of his lofty adversary Moby Dick, the great white whale….and Melville knew exactly what he was trying to say…. You heard some of Ahab’s shrillest lines in Star Trek: The Wrath of Kahn.
Q: Literary appreciation?….let’s move on…but I did see Prometheus at Rockefeller Center when I visited New York City last year.
A: Yes.. That’s Prometheus at the famous landmark skating rink. How appropriate for the Fire Bringer to sprawl before the mighty RCA Building, a beacon of the dawn of electronic communications technology. There would be no modern technology without the gift of fire that enabled our ancestors to smelt metals. To hermeticists, fire can represent “enlightenment” of all kinds, including Sophia, that all encompassing Greek personification of knowledge and wisdom. Hermetic style benefactors are always very clever and knowledgeable, moderns would probably count them as humanists who proffer illumination and technology to gain influence….During the Italian Renaissance, men like da Vinci sensed in their bones that narrow minded medievalism could not compare with the ages that left those lovely Roman ruins. Such men yearned to emulate their own revered pagan ancestral tradition, and Hermeticism has always represented, as it does to this day, the enduring embodiment of man’s primordial religious impulse with its quest for power over nature and self, through mystic rites, secret knowledge, and magic.
Q: Professor Nemo seems to be getting back on track…is there more?
A: Indeed… The Renaissance fell in love with ancient pagan culture in its quest for knowledge, and that…my friend…was a big no-no!…They took out their peevishness by sneaking messages even into religious art through symbols and figures that were stalking horses for their hero. But don’t look for this in their writings or discourses…it would have been playing with fire, literally…inviting an appointment to be burnt alive at the stake. That’s exactly what happened to the scientist, philosopher, and slightly careless hermetic luminary Giordano Bruno.
Q: But why the substitution of feminine figures for characters who were clearly understood to be men?
A: Hermes is more than just a hero, he is immortal, angelic in nature and distinctly gender bending,…as is his son Hermaphroditus, whose dual nature may have blended back as an additional halo effect that might appeal to the artistic imagination….Angels are often depicted as beautiful women…among these, let’s not leave out the divinely feminine Sophia, Hermes’ Gnostic alter ego. Hermes is also the cosmic jokester, the Till Eulenspeigel of the gods…full of tricks and hoaxes. So Hermes can quite appropriately appear as an almost male John the Baptist…the subject of another branch of the cult…pointing upward, as I mentioned, in da Vinci’s representation…..or as a more or less feminine arcangel which was pretty safe to portray, or as any other man or woman such as St. Anne…. or as the stealth intrusion of a feminine Hermes in place of John the Apostle… seated most importantly at the right hand of Jesus in The Last Supper, and lunging away so very pointedly and uncharacteristically of John… like a similarly charged object in an electric field!…and by the way that whole painting is an electric field!…and a mine field of messages…Among these, the feminization of John in itself plus his body language provide the clue that another hermeticist would quickly spot and understand…Can you also see an extremely awkward sign of the conflict between this Hermetic angel and the Church?….And to think that legions of art teachers have extolled the “perfect” design of arguably the most hacked up true masterpiece ever created…Ah, the genius of Leonardo!….While we’re on the gender thing let’s also check out Donatello’s bronze David, it’s simply a much more feminine form of the same speedy delivery florist guy we just saw. And remember, there is not the slightest need for transparency or consistency in any of this because it’s all a big fat secret, and a sneering joke as well….get it?
Q: Yes, I see where you’ve been trying to go…It’s a case of I know something you don’t know… Now clear up this motto business, “As above, so below”…What does it mean?
A: Frankly…Professor Nemo doesn’t have a clue. The motto is purposely cryptic of course…but I think it means whatever you want it to. The Prof. is not a hermeticist, but just reporting in a …you know… fair and balanced way.
Q: Aw come on….don’t leave us here…What do you think it means?
A: Well…It certainly sounds like “Thy will be done on earth as it is in Heaven” doesn’t it?…But then again it could mean… everything they have up there we should have down here as well… or perhaps it means with enough “enlightenment” we could make our own Heaven….Come to think of it, that interpretation sounds a lot like John Lennon’s Imagine…it’s certainly an anthem for his personal vision of a purely man-made utopia.
Q: It sound as if there are many Hermeticisms….do they at least share a similar origin?
A: Hard to tell. Perhaps the various manifestations of the daring benefactor had their debut as the deification of some early hero, perhaps the legendary Nimrod, Noah’s great grandson. According to plenty of tradition, Nimrod founded human civilization in the
area that was to become Babylon. He might have been seen as the one who inspired those who built the tower of Babel, perhaps in the imagination of his day to storm the heavens.
Pagan cultures seem to turn all their old heroes into gods, then divide them into more gods and even recombine them into new gods. I think one day someone will discover that
the root of Babylonian paganism influenced a truly amazing number of the world’s prehistoric religions. That’s why the sun-god Bel, traceable back to the Sumerian era, was also worshipped by the ancient Irish on May Day at the Beltane (Bel’s fire). Similarly, there is no shortage of Hermes clones among the ancient mythologies, they pop up in the strangest places. But don’t ask serious historians how this happened; they detest blurry edges…By the way the obelisk is a symbol for Hermes which evolved from far less subtle phallic boundary stones. He’d be pleased to see himself and his estimable prowess honored in so many truly grand locations!
Q: I’m still looking for a way to pull this together…can you tie it up neatly?
A: As I mentioned before, these gods are all associated with fire or light, which may have a metaphoric association with knowledge or illuminating wisdom, including all areas of science and technology which were magical arts. Like Sophia, the god of Gnosticism, Hermes is an andro-gyne….in fact, there is so much overlap between the two movements that we might as well consider them inseparable. One Hermes or another appears at various crossroads of ancient history like the mysterious brain boosting Black Slab in Stanley Kubrick’s movie 2001…always heralding a new era of awareness. They also seem to have a particular interest in intervening in the fortunes of men…Among such we certainly must include the Angel of Light who morphed into the Serpent of Genesis. Moses is credited with writing Genesis…and as a prince of Egypt would have certainly been an adept of the hermetic mystery schools of his day…The Serpent offered
unauthorized knowledge to Eve, and the result may represent a biblical judgment on the hermetic tradition as a whole….After all, knowledge often comes at a price. Adam and Eve appear to have found that out. Most today would probably agree that we’d be better off knowing nothing of atomic bombs, or even those hollow snacks we eat out of cellophane wrappers.
Q: Wait a minute….let’s back up….Are you trying to tell me that Leonardo was a Devil worshipper!?
A: I have no reason to believe that he was. Being frustrated at religion’s failings is not the same as rejecting God, although we all know people who have had bad experiences with religion and end up blaming God for the failings of man. Devil worshippers such as
some modern Satanists admire evil. Hermeticists on the other hand revere a bringer of knowledge and try to discover hidden wisdom. They seek to prosper and make things
generally better while perfecting themselves in the process by overcoming wickedness and ignorance. They often worship God as well, simply mixing in a bit of occultism with it and not seeing any contradiction. Hermeticisms today are heirs to many ancient initiatic cults and mysteries, but are often so low profile or diluted that you might live your whole
life associated with one without understanding anything about its origins or secret doctrines…To traditional Christians they might appear naively deceived as were Adam
and Eve. I’m forced to jump in and out of matters of faith here but it’s the patterns behind the whole story that I’m trying to get at in the most familiar terms at hand.
Q: How does the secret Templar cult get into all of this?
A: The historically well-known but shadowy Templar cult referenced in The DaVinci Code is hermetic through and through, and in all its forms, whether old or freshly
minted. It’s another outfit with…here we go again… big secrets. However, the notion that these knights unearthed proof of Mary Magdalene’s purportedly “holy blood” offspring founding the family that eventually became the long haired Merovingian dynasty is quite a stretch….yet it’s exactly what cult proponents throughout the last two thousand years would have done just about anything to be able to put across. It’s also what the DaVinci Code movement is really all about today. This controversy itself, has opened a fresh chapter in the movement. It should hence probably be called neo-Hermeticism, or new millennium Gnosticism or something like that…..Incidentally, it really boosts the notion that a fabulous world leader with amazing powers…perhaps a bit like Neo, the chosen one of The Matrix… might arise from the royal blood of Europe, claiming to be from Jesse through King David and Jesus…an impressive set of credentials to be sure! But wait a minute…might he not be another impostor like one of Leonardo’s mercurial changelings? If the pattern holds, he would claim to be from the king producing Tribe of Judah while more likely being descended from the irretrievably lost Tribe of Dan…if we take some hints from biblical clues, as do some prophetically minded and literalist Christian opponents of the Mary Magdalene “holy” bloodline.
Q: You’re beginning to lose me again….Can you throw me a rope here?
A: Sorry…too large and fuzzy a topic to squeeze in. However, it may have happened once before…as before, so again!…Oh well.. This is going to be a fast and wild ride…Are you ready? The false apostle Judah Ish (man) Kerioth (from Kirjath Jearim) was apparently born in the one town in Judah that the Tribe of Dan was permitted to camp behind on their way north to their new home at the top of Israel and subsequently out of the Promised Land altogether. It is tempting to speculate that Judas Iscariot may have represented a wild oat y-chromosome going back through Dan and sown there generations before. Samson is the great hero from the Tribe of Dan, which never forgot
about the magical power of unshorn hair, or about Samson’s Riddle of the Bees, even after they forgot about the God of their fathers. Jacob referred prophetically to his son Dan as a “serpent by the way”.
Q: Is that as ominous as it sounds?
A: Possibly…but there’s also a less obvious additional understanding of this term as a bringer of knowledge who is “wise as serpents”…in other words, a potential culture builder. Dan’s progeny disappear even in Old Testament times, and just try to find a
single Dannite among the 144 thousand person tribal restoration mentioned in the Book of Revelation. Some believe that the idolatrous, and sea faring Tribe of Dan, which
blended into the Phoenicians, and liked to name places after their illustrious forefather, gradually proceeded across the DarDANnelles to the DANube, proliferating and
spreading along the ancient routes of Europe. Remember that before organized farming the relatively sparse populations of Europe were largely scattered bands, often roaming about in search of food, and subject to various depopulating hazards. Merchants and
traders must have had an edge, even with dangerous peoples. Think of the great explorers like Captain James Cook. The Dannites would have been wealthy, sophisticated, and battle hardened. They could have mingled with and eventually dominated other cultures, perhaps as the Normans did much later in Britain. Tantalizing snippets of history also seem to link the sons of Dan with the Spartans, who as warriors often did not cut their well coiffed hair or their beards and apparently claimed descent from Abraham. Dannites are also reputed to have founded some royal dynasties in Europe and the British Isles…
Q: Your right about one thing…this is pretty fuzzy stuff…Are you going somewhere with all this?
A: Just waiting for you to ask!…Those who subscribe to the DaVinci Code premise may claim that the Merovingians, who did not cut their hair were holy Nazarites, i.e. strictly
consecrated Jews, a hilariously hermetic-style canard for these self-proclaimed sons of Odin who had to be coaxed toward monotheism…Nevertheless, a quite respectable medieval scholarly tradition links Odin, or WoDAN with important flesh and blood refugees from the region of Troy (as in Timeo DANaos et dona ferentes. I fear the Greeks [i.e. the Danaen Spartans] even when they bring gifts). These travelers from the east…from the region of Troy, which is now part of Turkey, became the Aesir gods of Norse Mythology i.e. those from Asia. They included the fatherly warrior Odin, also known as the full bearded World Wanderer, and another curious import as well, a charmingly familiar, shape changing trickster, the fire god, Loki…So, were the Merovingian kings, one of whom was named Samson, simply into grunge, or perhaps emulating, by long clouded tradition, the one great, if seriously flawed, cult hero of their irrepressible, culture building forefathers, the hirsute Samson himself, a true Nazarite and a son O’Dan, whose representatives had been formidable and had come from the sea…. Did cultural memories of the heroic Samson of the lost Hebrew Tribe of Dan inspire the Spartans of the Peloponnesus? Might Samson also have been memorialized as the mythic
Dardanus of the Trojans… hence proceeding on to other glories, and ultimately to Valhalla?… As you can see, it’s possible, if you favor this explanation, to think of the Trojan War as a Dannite family feud! What we know for sure is that the Hebrew and Greek alphabets certainly do match up beautifully, although historians do their best to make it sound insignificant…. Now there’s a counterpoint to the DaVinci Code that’s just about as radical…but please remember, the hypothetical Dannite lineage for the Merovingian kings, which I’ve barely touched upon here, is only intended to offer one alternative to the even more tenuous Merovingian “holy blood” claim, somehow involving an amorous gill breather!…and to show how easy it is to weave a great story from very few facts…So, let’s leave the delightful realm of speculation and return to the totally historical Hermes cult of the Italian Renaissance!
Q: My head is spinning!…I’m sorry I asked….. I was happier at the beginning when I thought you were going to talk about expensive handbags …Just tell me about the Big
Secret…Did this cryptic Hermes crowd know anything that we don’t… and let’s cut to the chase?
A: Science has far surpassed all the secret technologies despite the stuff you hear on all night radio. The Hermetic Tradition is obsolete in the sense of true knowledge or unknown wisdom, but it gave inquiry quite a boost. It still influences various spiritual movements and has greatly influenced world culture. Hermetic cults have always told their initiates that there’s a big secret awaiting them, but they keep the initiate toiling so long to be worthy that they never really have to deliver. If the big secret, as I suspect, is that hermetics are not exactly on board with traditional Judaic or Judeo-Christian beliefs…I think this has been no secret for quite some time…Nor is it any secret that Hermeticism has been able to attract many of the most brilliant minds…like that of Leonardo. Minds which can think inductively, intuitively, creatively. Such minds have danced circles around their plodding adversaries throughout the past…and appear to be doing just fine today. It’s so much easier to consign brilliant radical thinkers to the flames than to mount an intelligent response when you can’t quite seem to connect the dots…..But if you look a little closer at this present tidy plot, a child of six ..as they say… can see that every element of the DaVinci Code premise has a profound hermetic linkup, from coded Renaissance art, to the Templar cult, to the Gnostic writings and the various legends they may have spawned. If we are observant, the hidden Hermes unmasks himself behind every episode just like the furtive mastermind who appears as Dr. Miracle in Offenbach’s opera, The Tales of Hoffman.
Q: Does that make The DaVinci Code a bad story?
A: No!.. it’s great for the story just questionable for the premise. When all elements in a belief arise out of the same stew…so to speak…we may suspect a certain conspiratorial circularity, perhaps with Hermes somewhere in the details!…The revelations that one generation of believers discovers may have been planted for them by their predecessors.
For example, early French Gnostics feeling the way they did about traditional Christianity and venerating Mary Magdalene might easily have claimed that her child, real or invented, was “special” and had been amongst them. This will always remain a matter of belief since it is beyond proof either way. There is also a claim that Joseph of Arimathea brought the Holy Grail to the British Isles, only there it was a cup. In fact, we
have a surplus of grail contenders, although it’s obvious that the French label is the one that stuck. There were also enough pieces of the True Cross for sale in the Middle Ages to rebuild Noah’s Ark. There is even a current hypothesis that the famous Shroud of
Turin was an early photography experiment by, and possibly even a self portrait of …guess who….our old friend Leonardo. Did we mention that he knew something about chemistry….including light sensitive compounds of silver….fascinating!
Q: Why do I get the feeling that Professor Nemo is not quite ready to join in the stampede?
A: Simply because at this distance the proof that a Mary Magdalene holy bloodline must turn upon can never be produced outside of direct testimony from Jesus, and is not even a
part of the larger context. If the early Church did indeed downplay the well evidenced importance of Mary Magdalene to the Christian movement… or even if it revised the Jewish cultural norm of Jesus possibly being a married person, this may well have been a
desperate attempt to counter the Gnostic influences of the time. If so, it’s all part of that same turbid stew…To whatever extent the early Gnostics were hermetic they would have been looking for alternate spiritual figures and incorporating them into their spiritual
writings. Later, similarly minded Gnostic groups would have a ready-made “secret gospel truth” to show their recruits during the Renaissance…There have been as many wildly differing ancient religious accounts as there were biases, and conspiracy theories raged in the past just as they do today. We tend to forget that ancient does not necessarily mean true, and that there is no view without point of view….The human hunger for spiritual power and fulfillment is truly boundless, and has always provided a good livelihood for those inclined to take advantage of it…Most importantly, the promise of “secret proof” in matters of faith is, logically speaking, an inanity and the stuff of hoaxes, since faith and proof are contradictory concepts. It would be like jumping into a swimming pool blindfolded, simply because someone tells you that it has been filled with water…But isn’t that exactly what mystery cults are really all about?…. You can also be quite sure that any secret text in France that promoted Gnosticism would have surfaced in the wake of the fierce anticlericalism of the French Revolution…The most compelling evidence we have at hand is that of Jesus’ own sayings from all available sources. Nothing anywhere indicates a desire or anticipation of founding an hereditary dynasty, even though all accounts, including the Gnostic ones, were written well after Jesus’ death…. This is critical because the whole biblical tradition is based on the foretelling of all major events, and Jesus referenced prior messianic prophecies continually.
Q: So…is that it?
A: It is for me. I’ve made sure to leave plenty of loose ends for you to check out on your own so you can see for yourself just how much this secret tradition has shaped your world. You will find reams of facts, endless opinions, bewildering hocus-pocus, crass commercialism, and a long word-list of newer occultisms that will truly make your head spin. The hard part is trying to figure out how much of anything you read is true so that you can make up your own mind. Try not to get lost, as just about everyone I read does,
in attempting to make sense out of six odd millennia of complex mysticism. Like an onion, it’s much the same thing, layer after layer…You may also wish to check out the works of other Renaissance age artists for similar “deep secrets”…so what if the exclusive Priory of Sion suddenly needs a larger place to meet!…You see, Leonardo had
no need to be a Grand Master knight with a secret text in order to encode his message… He just needed to be a Renaissance Hermeticist…. In fact, looking at his work appears to indicate that Leonardo was a pro-John the Baptist hermetic rather than a pro-Mary Magdalene hermetic. This group believes that John got a raw deal, having been supplanted by Jesus. Take another look at the sketch with St. Anne. Is the infant Jesus caressing the infant John under the chin while blessing him, or stiff-arming him while clinging to the incredibly powerful arm of the mysterious angel, the one with the hand pointing up? This type of paradox is the essence of hermetic symbolism; does it mean this, or does it mean that? Those with no sense of humor need not apply… and to be sure it was never more cleverly practiced than by the incomparable Leonardo da Vinci!… I can only hope this has been illuminating, a glimpse down some of history’s dimmer corridors…As far as logically evaluating this all-for-one hermetic explanation, it appeals to the principle of parsimony since it requires no sea faring deus ex machina or arcane missing pieces of evidence…It’s simply obvious from what we have always known but have ignored, and what we have always looked at but refused to see …It’s prospects, however, must be rated as commercially disappointing….I am, nevertheless, hoping for the day when Hermes can enjoy his own National Geographic Special….the professor might just be watching too.
You may wish to comment, remembering that Professor Nemo has always tried to be conscientious about reading what is put before him, but understanding also that the Prof. has always been an atrocious pen pal. Feel free to suggest topics that you think might benefit from future conversations. This blog, while copyrighted is open to be quoted or reproduced in full other than for profit. Thanks for stopping by!